National Institute of Justice
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) became operational on January 1, 2004. It was built upon the achievements of the Magistrates’ Training Center, a nongovernmental organization established in 1999. Chapter 11 of the Judiciary System Act and the Regulation on the organization of the activities of the National Institute of Justice, adopted by the Supreme Judicial Council on September 12, 2007 (effective Sept. 21, 2007) provide the legal basis for the functioning of NIJ.
The National Institute of Justice is a public institution in charge of maintaining and furthering the qualification of the personnel of the Judiciary (including junior judges, junior prosecutors, judges, prosecutors, investigators, public enforcement agents, registration judges, judicial and prosecutorial assistants, court clerks) as well as of the inspectors at the Inspectorate with the Minister of Justice and of other officers of the Ministry of Justice. Pursuant to Article 6 of its Regulation, the main purpose of the NIJ is to enhance the efficiency of justice through quality professional training and furtherance of qualification of the above stated categories of trainees as well as to gather, process and disseminate information for training needs and to carry out the activities of a Documentation Center in EU Law for the Judiciary.
NIJ is an independent legal entity but it has a functional relationship with the Supreme Judicial Council and the Ministry of Justice, both of which are represented within NIJ Managing Board.
The Institute obtains its funding from the budget of the Judiciary and from international programmes and projects.
The NIJ implements the following activities:
1. Initial training:
- Nine-month compulsory initial training for candidate junior magistrates who have successfully passed the relevant competition; and,
- Compulsory initial qualification – courses meant to further the qualification of the judges, prosecutors and investigators who are first-time appointees at the bodies of the Judiciary.
2. Continuing Training of Magistrates:
- Qualification training courses for all sitting magistrates where the emphasis is laid upon current amendments to legislation, changes in jurisprudence, interdisciplinary topics and training in EU Law.
3. Training of Court Clerks:
- Training courses for court clerks under diverse curricula.
4. Learning and Information Center:
- Organization and conducting of distance learning courses for the personnel of the Judiciary;
- Library and documentation services, access to case-law databases (including access to a computer room);
- Maintenance of the Institute’s website, including update of the information on NIJ trainings and publications of training or other information materials;
- Development and recognition of the Extranet system as a platform for exchange of legal information among magistrates;
- Development of NIJ research capacity through the establishment of an Empirical Legal Research Unit.
- Federal Ministry of Justice – Bundesministerium für Justiz
- L’Institut de formation judiciaire (IFJ-IGO)
- National Institute of Justice
- The Judicial Academy of Croatia
- Supreme Court of Cyprus
- Judicial Academy
- Court Administration / Domstolsstyrelsen
- Office of the Prosecutor General
- Supreme Court of Estonia, Training Department
- The National Courts Administration
- National Prosecution Authority, The Office of the Prosecutor General
- The French National School for the Judiciary
- Academy of European Law (ERA)
- Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection - Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz
- National School of the Judiciary
- National Office for the Judiciary
- Office of the Prosecutor General
- The Judicial Studies Committee
- Scuola Superiore della Magistratura
- Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura
- Latvian Judicial Training Centre
- The Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Latvia
- National Courts Administration
- Office of the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Lithuania
- Parquet général
- Judicial Studies Committee
- Studiecentrum Rechtspleging
- National School of Judiciary and Public Prosecution
- Centre For Judicial Studies
- National Institute of Magistracy
- Judicial Academy of the Slovak Republic
- Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Slovenia Judicial Training Centre
- Centro de Estudios Jurídicos
- Escuela Judicial Consejo General del Poder Judicial
- Judicial Training Academy
- Swedish Prosecution Authority