Exchanges in courts, prosecution offices and judicial training institutions of the EU Member States allow participants to learn about the judicial system of the host country, attend court hearings, and exchange views and expertise with their peers.

  • General exchanges

    • General overview of the judicial system
    • 5 or 10 working days
    • Group & Individual
    • 25 Countries
    • Judges, Prosecutors, Court/Prosecution Staff
  • Specialised exchanges

    • Focused on a specific area of law
    • 5 working days
    • Group & Individual
    • 18 Countries
    • Judges, Prosecutors, Court/prosecution staff
  • Judicial leaders exchanges

    • Focused on court management & leadership
    • 3 to 5 working days
    • Individual & Group
    • 20 Countries
    • Court Presidents, Chief Prosecutors, Court staff managers
  • Trainers exchanges

    • Focused on methodology
    • 3, 5 or 10 working days
    • Group & Individual
    • 15 Countries
    • Judicial Trainers, Court Staff Trainers

General exchanges

In a General exchange, a participant has the unique opportunity to actively explore another judicial culture by being hosted for one or two weeks in the court or prosecution office of another EU Member State.

After an introduction to the judicial system of the host country, the participant is immersed into the daily work of a national court or prosecution office. The exchange format offers room for discussions, debates, and networking with fellow foreign judges, prosecutors and court staff.

Through visits in high-level institutions of the host country and meetings with other professionals such as law enforcement or civil society, participants get a comprehensive overview of the work of a judge, prosecutor or court staff in another country.

General exchanges are designed to foster mutual trust and understanding as well as building a feeling of belonging to a common judicial area among the EU judiciary.

Useful documents

Specialised exchanges

Through a Specialised exchange, judges, prosecutors and court/prosecution staff extend their expertise in a specific area of law in a court or prosecution office of another EU Member State. Various specialisations are offered each year in various EU Member States:

  • Anti-corruption (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Asylum/refugee law 
  • Banking law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Company law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Competition law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Counter-terrorism (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Digitalisation of justice (court staff only) 
  • Environmental law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Family law 
  • Financial crime (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Guardianship law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Intellectual property law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Insolvency proceedings (judges/prosecutors only)
  • Judicial cooperation in criminal law (court staff only) 
  • Judicial cooperation in civil law (court staff only) 
  • Juvenile law 
  • Labour law 
  • Law on contracts for work and services (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Mediation (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Migration law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Organised crime (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Patent law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Regulated market law (judges/prosecutors only) 
  • Sentence enforcement 
  • Tax law (judges/prosecutors only)


Every year, many places are offered in the participating EU Member States and published during the call for applications. Those places are defined by country, specialisation, target audience, language and length.

Useful documents

Judicial leaders exchanges

Focusing on issues such as media and influence on jurisdiction, digitalisation of justice, human ressources, financial and budget management or sustainable management, Judicial leaders exchanges allow court presidents, chief prosecutors and court/prosecution staff managers to shape their leadership and management skills.

Useful documents

Trainers exchanges

The Trainers exchanges at EJTN are a unique occasion for judicial trainers to exchange experiences with their peers across Europe on recent developments and best practices in judicial training.


During 5 or 10 days, participants actively explore other judicial training cultures and learn about training methodologies, pedagogical tools, and training initiatives developed by the host country.


Upon their return, they are encouraged to implement new techniques they discovered and share knowledge gained with their colleagues.

The exchange follows specific objectives and guidelines developed at EJTN, in particular the EJTN Judicial Training Principles and the European standards on judicial training – European Commission’s Pilot Project JUST/2012/JUTR/PR/0064/A4 on European Judicial Training.

Useful documents

Flyer presentation Trainers Exchanges – English

Flyer presentation Trainers Exchanges – French

Financial Conditions 2024 EN

Financial Conditions 2024 FR

Exchange Programme Guidelines 2024


Interested in an exchange?

The call for applications for exchanges is open every year between September and mid-October on the EJTN Exchange Programme platform, for exchanges to be implemented the following year.

Applicants are preselected by the EJTN Members and Associate Members. Preselected applications are then submitted to the EJTN secretariat which proceeds to the allocation based on the available places in the host institutions.

Check open applications